© 2009 454 & 459 RAAF Squadrons

454 RAAF Squadron


Flying Officer Herbert (Bert) John NOWILL

Service Number : 429344


Date of Birth:  28 May 1915 - Died : 13th Feb, 2006

Place of Birth: Brisbane QLD

Date of Enlistment: 11 Sep 1942

Place of Enlistment: Brisbane Queensland Australia

Date of Discharge: 23 Apr 1946

Posting on Discharge: 454 Squadron

The Crew:

418728 Pilot Officer -- RG (Reg) Withers - Pilot

429344 Flying Officer -- HJ (Bert) Nowill - Observer Nav (B)

417835 Warrant Officer -- DG (Don) Heath - WAG

Tom Marron (RAF) Air Gunner

454 RAAF Baltimore (Bomber) Squadron - Wing Desert Air Force

based at Cesenatico Italy while supporting British 8th Army's drive North and N/W in the final battles of the Italian Campaign 1945.

L-R: Don Heath WAG, John Maxman,

Bert Nowill Nav B, Reg Withers Pilot


At 70 O.T.U Shandur, the Chief Flying Instructor had a theory that if we, in a Baltimore, were attacked by a  fighter, we should dive for the ground and fly as close as possible to it, thus making it impossible for the fighter to get beneath us and attack from our most vulnerable angle.  Further, he believed that, should we be flying so close to the ground, and we came to a building or something similar, which necessitated climbing over it, the pilot should level out halfway up, and the lag in the controls would cause us to skim over the top before descending on the other side.  His reason for this was that if the leveling out process was left until we reached the top of the building, the aircraft would billow up, so exposing the underside of the aircraft for attack.

He had selected a row of trees in the Nile delta for the pilots to put this theory into practise, and when our turn came to do it, sitting in my forward navigator's cockpit looking at the trees approaching.  I felt certain that there was no chance on earth of us getting over them, However we did!.  At the end of the exercise we had to climb to 6000ft, for a bombing practise run.  Having done that, we set sail for base.  Shortly after Reg asked the crew if any of us had experienced stalling in a aircraft, to which came a resounding NO.  He informed that he would stall the aircraft in the interests of our general education and explained briefly what we could expect - e.g. when the aircraft reached stalling speed of 87 knots, the nose would drop, the aircraft would pick up speed and the whole operation would be most gentle.  As it transpired, this is not what happened!

On reaching the required 87 knots, the nose did dip as predicted, but also the port wing dropped, and the aircraft immediately went into a spin.  The first thought that came to my mind was that somewhere I had heard that once a Baltimore went into a spin, it never recovered.  A very comforting thought!

As we spun towards the ground, my very large F24 camera, charts, etc. were swirling around the cockpit and I was hanging on for grim death.  Luckily I am able to report that we did eventually get out of the spin, and were climbing steeply when I checked my altimeter.  It read 300ft, so we had fallen from 6000ft to somewhere below 300ft and were on the way up.  Mother earth, at some point, must have been very close.  When we arrived back at base, Reg suggested to me that we inspect the aircraft to see if we could find any possible causes as, in his opinion, it should not have gone into a spin.  The only abnormality we found was that the cowling surrounding the oil radiator under the port motor was chock-a-block full of leaves.  So we did hit the trees.  Needless to say, this incident raised Reg into almost divine status.  Post War Reg Withers was a highly successful businessman.

Photo taken by a street photographer in Roma 1945,

L-R: Reg Withers, Ian Murray & Bert Nowill

KURWONGBAH QLD. passed away on 13th Feb, 2006, (he was referred to as Bert and was from 454)


More information to follow for this page.

Herbert NOWILL